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Cumin  (Jeera)
Description
Cumin is the dried, white fruit with greyish brown colour of a small slender annual herb. The surface of the fruit has 5 primary ridges, alternatively has 4 less distinct secondary ridges bearing numerous short hairs. The plant is 15 to 50 cm high. The aromatic seed like fruit is elongated, ovoid, 3 to 6 mm long, slightly bitter and has a warm flavour. The flowers are white or rose coloured in small umbels.

Origin and Distribution

Cumin is indigenous to Northern Egypt, Syria, the Mediterranean region, Iran and India. It is also cultivated in Mexico, China, Sicily and Malta. Cumin is a tropical plant and is cultivated as a rabi crop in areas where atmospheric humidity during February-March is low.

Plant Description:
- It is 15 to 50 cm high
- The seed is aromatic
- Fruit is elongated, ovoid, 3 to 6 mm long,
- Fruits are slightly bitter in taste
- Has a warm flavour
- Flowers are white or rose coloured in small umbels

Geographical Condition:
This tropical plant is suitable to be cultivated as rabi crop in areas where atmospheric humidity is low during February-March.

Uses:
- Used as a condiment
- As an ingredient in curry powders, seasonings of breads, cakes and cheese
- Used in native dishes of Central and South America
- Used as a stimulant, carminative, stomachic and astringent
- Cumin seed oil is used in perfumery and for flavouring liqueurs and cordials

 
 
 
   
 
     
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